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|Sally et Ludivine en tournée dans la Vallée de 22 novembre
Molly Segal et la photographe Jennifer
Nous sommes rencontrés pour organiser nos Archives ...
Et passé une avant-midi ensemble.
Susan. 18 novembre 2014
Décès de la mère de Roger
Au CHRDL, le 14 novembre 2014, à l’âge de 92 ans, est décédée Mme Jeannette Martel, fille de feu Elzéar Martel et de feu Anna Lepage, épouse de feu Hector Hétu et mère de feu Agathe Hétu.
Elle laisse dans l’espérance de la vie éternelle sa belle-sœur Agathe DeSerres (feu Roger Martel), ses enfants : Jean-Claude (Cécile Landry), Roger (Muriel Fleet), Yvette (John McLaughlin), Daniel (Louise Bérubé), François (Louise Roy), Maurice (Janis Demone), Claire, Denise (Gérard Henri), Henri (Manon Roussel), Marc-André;
Centre Funéraire Régional Joliette
1077 rue Lépine, Joliette
Voir L'ELOGE à Jeannette
Les ancêtres acadiens de Jeannette Martel
Il y a encore une couple de roses en fleur mais il y aura du travail le printemps prochain.
12 Nov 2014, Susan
Ou est l'habitation ancestrale de Daniel LeBlanc ?
Susan : « Gardez ce que j'ai trouvé ! Un visiteur à GP m'avait dit que c'était là sur Marshland Dr. »
Le lieu dit « Belleisle » est situé sur la « Route 1 » à l'ouest de Bridgetown
Et le monument LeBlanc est situé à l'intersection est de Marshland Rd et la « Route 1 »
Soit au GPS 44°48'30"N 65°23'11"O
Cette plaque érigée par les descendants indique l'habitation ancestrale de Daniel LeBlanc et Françoise Gaudet
On peut lire aussi la première famille LeBlanc en ACADIE
On peut imaginer la montagne au nord et l'immense marais endiqué Belleisle au sud de la maison des LeBlanc
Maintenant le marais Belleisle est partiellement une réserve protégée pour les oiseaux
Ligne à hardes
Costumes de Grand-Pré au vent. (par Lucille)
The Register/Advertiser > Living
Unlocking time: skull fragments found near Falmouth lead to Acadian history lesson
Published on September 03, 2014
In 1755, near Falmouth, three villages of Landry family members hugged the shoreline of the Avon River.
Today, only traces remain, but those remnants can tell much about the past.
“The Sainte-Famille Parish cemetery is so meaningful to me today,” says Hants Border resident Janet Landry. “It is a peaceful, yet haunting, reminder of the Acadian expulsion.
“As a descendent, I care about and visit the Sainte-Famille Cemetery where a brick lies in memory of my Acadian grandmother, Sophie Landry,” she added.
In 1996, the location of the cemetery for the paroisse de Sainte-Famille de Pisiquid was accidentally discovered on Gabriel Road in Falmouth during excavations for a subdivision. After finding bones in the soil, David Christianson of the Nova Scotia Museum was called in. He found a couple of skeletons and more than two dozen graves.
Clay caps about a foot under the surface identified the graves. The graves themselves were five feet deeper. Wrought-iron square nails and fragments of wood dated the graves to the 18th century. A King George III halfpenny and ceramic button from the 1700s were also found.
The discovery placed the area, estimated to contain more than 300 graves, under Nova Scotia’s Special Places Protection Act.
Among the remains that were disinterred were fragments of a child’s skull. Forensic archeologist Talva Jacobson has determined the child, whom she believes was a boy, was between six and nine years of age.
The former Baxter’s Harbour resident and mother of one son began her acquaintance with the fragments in 2009, but the entire project is not yet completed five years later.
Jacobson says the skull pieces offer a rare look at the past – a way of unlocking the time before the expulsion.
Piecing together history
According to Jacobson, more than 200 fragments were unearthed near the site of what was a church. By 2000, most of them had been reburied.
Grand Pré archeologist Dr. Jonathan Fowler thought that Jacobson, who is also a ceramic artist, could assist in a pilot project to create a facial reconstruction of the skull. Some partial funding was obtained and she worked with forensic anthropologist Dr. Tanya Peckmann to delve into the mystery.
With soft plasticine, silicone and rubber in a time consuming effort, Jacobson added tissue markers and made educated guesses about missing bones, like the child’s jaw. Jacobson also consulted with dentist Dr. Tom MacDonald of Wolfville and Dr. Heather Banfield of Halifax to obtain prosthetic eyes.
In a talk recently at the visitors’ centre at Grand Pré, Jacobson unveiled a bust of what the Acadian child might have looked like for the first time outside the walls of the research centre. Given the level of authenticity she achieved, it looked like the lad could walk along Gabriel Road today.
One of the audience members at Jacobson’s talk looked at her maquette, or scale model, and exclaimed, “that’s Gus’ nose.” The visitor was referring to a relative in the Acadian community of Pubnico.
Jacobson would like to finish the project by completing a clay bust that captures as many lifelike features as possible. The work would need to be kept in climate-controlled conditions.
Glimpsing pre-Deportation times
According to Jacobson, it is rare to have the opportunity to carry out a reconstruction using human remains. In fact, it is not legal to show even facsimiles of someone who lived more than two centuries ago.
Despite those ethical considerations, Jacobson - who now works in Medelta, Alberta - the fragments had a kind of siren effect. She said they made her want to know more about the people of the past.
Susan Surette-Draper of Port Williams says it is very important to be able to represent the Acadians of pre-Deportation days, while Dr. Laura Thompson, who teaches education at Acadia University, spoke about the importance of such a reconstruction in Nova Scotia classrooms.
Thompson would like to see the bust travel bearing in mind that “the entire country started here.”
Lucille Amirault of Kingston, a member of a group that preserved the cemetery site, called Jacobson’s work a very sad, but incredible, story about a child who died young.The spokeswoman for Les Amis de Grand Pré said funding needs to be raised to complete the final bust.
“We need to work hard. The money is there,” Amirault said confidently, after thanking Jacobson for her thousands of hours of science and artistry.
“We're actively pursuing funding opportunities and communicating with potential partners to help complete the reconstruction and construct the exhibit,” Fowler said last week from Halifax.
“We've had strong interest from several parties. The research team's hope is to partner with the Acadian community and build an exhibit with a strong web-based component and the potential to be used in the classroom.”
Remembering Acadian villagers
Funds were raised to purchase the old cemetery and a memorial now stands at the site. A non-profit bilingual organization, the Committee for the Preservation of the Sainte-Famille Cemetery , collected $34,000 to buy the land and another $50,000 to erect a memorial.
The laying of memorial bricks began in 2003. This past July 28, an unveiling ceremony took place for 11 bricks on the commemorative walkway at the Ste. Famille Cemetery.
Amirault helps care for the cemetery. Parks Canada is no longer able to help with maintenance, so one of the nearby residents is paid to mow the grass.
Les Amis de Grand Pré holds a work party in the spring and this year the volunteers were at it again after post tropical storm Arthur. Commemorative bricks can be purchased for $50.
Ghosts of old Acadia
Courtesy of artist Talva Jacobson
Ghosts of old Acadia
Halifax researchers put a human face on Nova Scotia’s forgotten history
By Steve Proctor | September 2, 2014
Cheryl Perret’s eyes fill with tears as she studies the child’s face on her laptop computer.
Like a grandma lingering over a photo of a grandchild she rarely sees, Perret touches the screen, trying to adjust wisps of the child’s brown hair behind delicate ears. “Look at the cheeks, how round they are,” her cheery Louisiana drawl fills the room. “My family has longer faces, so I was expecting something longer… but he’s so sweet.”
A proud Cajun from south Louisiana, she has spent years tracking her ancestors back to Nova Scotia’s lush Annapolis Valley to 1740, just a few years before the British expelled them and 11,000 of their Acadian neighbours. The dark horror stories of the Deportation, the burning of Acadian villages and the attempt to snuff out an entire society, are engraved on her soul.
On this bright sunny day, the darkness is a little less visceral as she uses her laptop in her living room to become one of the first Cajuns to look into the face of an Acadian ancestor.
Perret isn’t just looking at a photograph. The child’s face she is studying belongs to Claude, a clay and polyurethane facial reconstruction created from a skull unearthed from an unmarked Nova Scotia cemetery halfway across the continent. “I could be looking into the eyes of one of my great ancestors for the very first time,” she fixes on the hazel eyes. “You have to wonder what his life was like. What did he see? Did he help with the chores?”
Those are the questions archaeologists Jonathan Fowler and Tanya Peckmann at Saint Mary’s University in Halifax answer hoping would bubble up after spending last 15 years coaxing Claude to life.
Likely born in the Avon Valley region of the Annapolis Valley in the early 1700s, Claude would have played in large gardens and watched as community leaders desperately sought neutrality in the ongoing dispute between the warring French and English. Much of his short life would have revolved around family, farming and religion.
DNA testing shows Claude died of unknown causes between the age of six and eight years old. He was buried in the cemetery at the parish church of Ste-Famille, near what is now Falmouth. Years later, as the firestorm of the deportation swept across the region, the church disappeared and the British killed or deported his family. The exact location of the cemetery disappeared from maps.
Claude’s amazing rebirth began in 1996 when bulldozers and backhoes chewed away at the unmarked graveyard to make way for a residential subdivision. By the time courts issued a stop-work order, more than 200 human bones were scattered around the site.
Student anthropologists from Halifax stepped in to study the remains. Officials reburied most of the remains in the summer of 2000, but overlooked one lab drawer containing several skull bones. Fowler, the Atlantic region’s expert on Acadian archaeology, heard about the drawer while studying in Oxford, and in 2005 was anxious to take a peek. “I assumed it was small stuff, finger digits and fragmented material that might not be easily recognized on a construction site,” she says. “I was completely wrong.”
Fowler’s work at dozens of different excavation sites in Nova Scotia has uncovered 50,000 artifacts such as musket balls, coins and clay pots, but the affable archaeologist with curly hair and an easy smile says nothing prepared him for opening that drawer of skulls. “It was a sacred moment really,” he recalls. “There was an instant and purely emotional reaction. I thought, for the very first time I’m looking into the face of someone I’ve been studying for decades. It took my breath away.”
Aware technological advances held the potential to give new voice to old bones, Fowler started a new round of research on the remaining part of the collection. He asked colleagues at Oxford University to analyze the bones for chemical evidence of diet, and turned to forensic specialist and colleague Dr. Tanya Peckmann to see if facial reconstruction, similar to the work carried out by police to investigate missing person’s cases, could be applied to the most complete of the old skulls.
Working with old bones is nothing new to Peckmann. As a forensic specialist attached to the provincial medical examiner’s office, she is often asked by the RCMP to investigate skeletal remains at crime scenes and help determine details about sex, age, ancestry, stature, pathology and trauma. This was the first time she says she’d been asked to use bones to help bring someone back to life.
“How could I not be part of it?” she muses. “I love history, but people sometimes have trouble understanding it. They hear a story about ancient Greece or a battle in the War of 1812, but they don’t quite get to understanding the significance of the event. But looking at this little boy, you can easily imagine he was part of a community. He played very much like we play. He had mother who was likely heartbroken when he died so young. It’s more context than you can get with a coin or a bent nail or a word on a page.”
After much conversation and grant seeking, the task of transforming the skull into a living face fell to Talva Jacobson, a patient historic archaeologist and artist from Alberta who’s studied facial reconstruction alongside forensic artists from Canadian police forces.
Working in a small, secure studio surrounded by Acadian remains, drawings and images of historic dress, Jacobson began by painstakingly cleaning the skull and mapping the subtleties that would become the core features: his eyes, his nose and his lips.
The initial attempts to cast the fragile skull failed, but Jacobson persisted, eventually using the same silicon materials used by sculptors to cast living people.
With a workable cast was finally in place, Jacobson has spent hundreds of hours over the past four years meticulously creating the facial muscles that support the eye sockets, the nose and mouth. A prosthetic-eye specialist, Heather Banfield, donated a set of artificial hazel eyes. Having observed traces of brown hair associated with one of the skull bones, Jacobson gave Claude a brown unisex do.
There’s still 25 hours of work left to get Claude ready for any public debut, but Jacobson makes no apologies for how long the effort has taken. There are few textbooks to follow for facial reconstruction and police forces and artists are reluctant “to share their magic.”
“We are doing something that has never been done before,” she explains. “We are recreating the identity of an ancient young person. This is Canada’s kid and we need to do well by this young man.”
Or perhaps woman.
Efforts to categorically determine Claude’s sex using hair and teeth samples have failed. Fowler says another attempt is possible if they can obtain some funding.
Susan Surette-Draper, a keen Acadian leader and one of the few in the cultural community in Nova Scotia who has seen Claude, hopes a few unanswered questions won’t stop a project she believes can be transformative. “As the only representation of a pre-deportation person we have, there is an enormous responsibility attached to this,” she says. “There is so little else that we have to hold on to.” Claude can connect children to the Acadian story with a travelling exhibit to schools, she suggests.
Rene Legere, president of the National Acadian Society and Vaughne Madden with the Nova Scotia’s Office of Acadian Affairs, also see opportunities for showcasing Claude, but admit their organizations have no financial support to offer.
Fowler has floated the idea of various exhibits and promotional opportunities to community groups, potential funding agencies and government, but hasn’t signed anybody up yet. “There`s been lots of discussion and people are pre-disposed to supporting it,” he says, “but when it comes to funding, the room gets quiet.”
The curator of archaeology at the Nova Scotia Museum of Natural History isn’t surprised. Katie Couttreau-Robins says the museum is interested in hosting a travelling exhibit, but Fowler and partners would need to find the people to design, interpret and build it first. “Culture and heritage are having a tough time right now,” she says. “So are the natural sciences. The traditional funding agencies don’t have the support they used to and corporate sponsors are hard to come by.”
She adds that it’s a shame. “[The exhibit] would bring together the cultural history with the archaeology and the art of facial reconstruction which would hook the kids,” she explains. “Three disciplines coming together in one fun story. It’s something we’ve never seen before. It could have powerful impact.”
Surette-Draper, Perret, Legere and the few lucky members the Acadian community who have had a peek at Claude hope someone will step up to fund the story soon. “When you are looking into his eyes, you are looking into the first truly Acadian face in North America. That’s something pretty incredible we want to, no we need to share,” says Perret.
- The print version of this story, which ran in the September 2014 issue, featured two images of artist Tavla Jacobson’s work that were not intended for publication. Those images were reference shots of work in progress, intended by the artist only as background for the story. The images above are correct.
- Due to a fact-checking error, the print version of this story also misstated forensic specialist Tanya Peckmann’s role. She works with the Nova Scotia Medical Examiner’s Service, where she studies bones to determine details sex, age, ancestry, stature, pathology and trauma. By law, only one of the province’s three medical examiners (forensic pathologists) can determine cause of death. Halifax Magazine regrets the errors.
Les Amis au « Wolfville Farmers Market »
Wolfville Farmers Market, le 3 septembre 2014
Les Amis rencontre les visiteurs de la France
22 août 2014. Susan, Anne et Thérèse ont rencontré le groupe Français de France lors de leur visite à Grand-Pré avant de retourner chex eux.
Zacharie Richard ... et Victor au CMA 2014
Les Amis de Grand-Pré félicitent très chaleureusement Barbara LeBlanc
Après la messe à Grand-Pré le dimanche 20 juillet, Lucille et Félix Amirault ont accepté le Certificat André D. Cormier qui a été décerné cette année à Barbara LeBlanc. N'ayant pas pu venir à Grand-Pré, Barbara a demandé à Lucille de bien vouloir lire le texte suivant à sa place :
*« En raison de mes responsabilités familiales je ne peux pas être avec vous aujourd'hui pour recevoir le certificat André D. Cormier. Cependant, Grand-Pré est toujours dans mon coeur. Je remercie le groupe qui a proposé ma candidature ainsi que la Société Promotion Grand-Pré de m'avoir décerné cet honneur. Je suis très émue et touchée par cette reconnaissance. ** ** **J'ai demandé à Lucille et Félix Amirault du groupe les Amis de Grand-Pré d'accepter le certificat en mon nom. Ces deux personnes étaient parmi les premières qui se sont engagées dans ce groupe quand je l'ai fondé lors de la fête de la Chandeleur, le 2 février 1990. La Chandeleur est le moment symbolique qui met en valeur la lumière dans la vie. Un des buts que j'avais en fondant ce groupe était d'offrir la chance à des personnes d'aider à mettre de la lumière sur Grand-Pré. ** ** **André D. Cormier, président fondateur du Comité de l'église souvenir, était un porteur de lumière. Nous pouvons espérer qu'il y aura toujours des porteurs de lumière, comme lui, les Amis de Grand-Pré et la Société Promotion Grand-Pré qui mettent en valeur l'histoire et la culture de l'Acadie. »*
Les Amis de Grand-Pré félicitent très chaleureusement Barbara LeBlanc qui a contribué tellement au lieu historique national de Grand-Pré au cours des années. Depuis 1990, les Amis de Grand-Pré continuent à porter le flambeau que Barbara leur a passé.
Lucille et Félix ont acceptés le prix André Cormier pour Barbare LeBlanc la fondatrice des Amis de Grand-Pré
Les Amis de Grand-Pré en visite aux enfants du Windsor Daycamp
Ken, Cathou, Brenda, Susan
Journées Acadiennes à Grand-Pré
19-20 juillet 2014
Lucille et Félix ont acceptés le prix André Cormier pour Barbare LeBlanc la fondatrice des Amis de Grand-Pré
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